The conventional quark model
Quarks are mathematical models for parts of elementary particles (for example kaons etc.). Up to now, they could be never observed as independent particles. Each quark is in the conventional theory a package of numbers with positive or negative signs. The quarks have five characteristics, i.e. a positive or negative spin with the value 1/2, a positive or negative electrical charge, which can have the value 1/3 or 2/3, a so-called flavour, for which there are three topological possibilities, and a colour charge red, blue or green. According to the theory, there are accordingly 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 = 72 different quarks and antiquarks. The theory works, but until now there hasn’t been a conception of either the spatial form of the quarks nor of the causes of their five characteristics. Quarks violate space parity, as the quarks with positive spin have completely different characteristics to the analogous quarks with negative spin: there are those which participate in the so-called weak interactions, whereas those with the opposite spin do not.
The conventional kaon model
Particularly odd is the uncharged kaon, which like all mesons consists of a quark and an antiquark. In the case of the kaon, not only is space parity violated, but also time symmetry. The equilibrium during the kaon ↔ anti-kaon reaction lies closer to the kaon than to the anti-kaon, although the situation is completely symmetrical in itself - apart from the observer, who consists of matter, not antimatter.
A new model for quark and kaon
In the book by Hans Wehrli, a new theory is proposed, according to which the odd characteristics of the quarks and the kaons are interpreted spatially, and based on a new axiomatic theory, physically and ultimately on perception theory (metaphysics). Also, the kaon’s violation of time symmetry is plausibly explained. The axiom of chirality ensures that the symmetry of the total system is maintained, i.e, the symmetry of space, time and electrical charge collectively, also with the kaon decay, as is required by the CPT theorem.
"Metaphysik – Chiralität als Grundprinzip der Physik" by Dr. Hans Wehrli
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Ressources for the topic quark, Kaon
Quark (Physik) (Wikipedia)